HP Inc., the Palo Alto, California based technology company will transfer $5.2 Billion in pension liabilities to Prudential Insurance Company of America as of October 31, 2021. HP disclosed this information in its recent 10-Q filing. This represents approximately one-half of HP’s U.S. pension liabilities. The pension de-risking transfer affects some 41,000 retirees and beneficiaries.
Lockheed Martin transferred $4.9 billion in pension obligations to two of Bermuda based Athene’s subsidiaries, Athene Annuity and Life Company and Athene Annuity & Life Assurance Company of New York. This is Lockheed’s second pension risk transfer transaction with Athene, and s is Lockheed’s fourth pension de-risking transfer in the last two years. In 2019, $1.9 Billion in pension liabilities was transferred to MetLife; in 2020 Metropolitan Life Tower (a MetLife subsidiary) took on $1.4 Billion of Lockheed’s pension liabilities, and in 2018 $800 Million was transferred to Athene.
This latest pension de-risking transfer affects approximately 18,000 participants of Lockheed Martin’s pension plan who are currently receiving benefits. Beginning on January 1, 2022, Athene will take over the payment and administration of retirement benefits for these 18,000 retirees and their beneficiaries.
February 2020: Armstrong World Industries transfers $1 Billion for 10,000 retirees to Athene
December 2020: Lockheed Martin transfers $1.4 Billion of pension liabilities for 13,500 retirees to MetLife
December 2020: Phillips North America transfers $1.2 Billion in pension liabilities for 11,000 retirees to MetLife and Principal
December 2020: GE transfers $1.7 Billion of pension liabilities for 70,000 retirees to Athene.
February 2021: Dow transfers $700 Million in pension liabilities for 12,000 retirees to MetLife
April 2021: JCPenney transfers $2.8 Billion in pension liabilities for 30,000 retirees to Athene
Not all companies who offload their pension liabilities to insurance companies disclose the name of the company taking on the pension liabilities. Below is a recap of some 2020 transfers where the company did not disclose the insurance company , as reported by S&P Global Market Intelligence.
Teradyne Inc. – $24.4 Million
Lockheed Martin – $793 Million
Kellogg Co. – $470 million
Newell Brands Inc. – $157 Million
Eastman Chemical Co. – $110 Million
DTE Electric Co. – $60 Million
Arconic Corporation, the aluminum provider based in Pittsburgh transferred $1 Billion in pension liabilities to Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company. This transaction affected approximately 8,400 Arconic retirees or beneficiaries. Prior to the transfer, Arconic made a $250 million contribution to its US pension funds. MassMutual assumes responsibility for making payments to the retirees and beneficiaries in July 2021.
GE transferred $1.7 Billion in pension liabilities to Athene Annuity and Life Company and Athene Annuity & Life Assurance Company of New York in late 2020. This transaction affects approximately 70,000 retirees who have been receiving benefits from GE’s pension plan. Bermuda based Athene Holding has purchased more than $18.5 Billion in pension liabilities affecting over 300,000 retirees since it entered the pension risk transfer business in 2017.
JCPenney, the ailing retailer, declared bankruptcy in May 2020 and sold off its retail operations before emerging from Chapter 11 at the end of 2020. In early April, Athene Holding took over $2.8 Billion of JC Penney’s pension obligations, completing the termination of JCPenney’s pension plan. Two of Athene’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Athene Annuity and Life Company and Athene Annuity & Life Assurance Company of New York will issue a group annuity contract to JCPenney and individual annuity certificates to eligible participants. This transaction affects approximately 30,000 JC Penny retirees and is Athene’s largest pension risk transfer transaction to date.
Facts from 2020
First Quarter 2020:
- “Buy-out” purchases $4.462 Billion
Second Quarter 2020:
- “Buy-out” purchases were $2.270 Billion
Third Quarter 2020:
- “Buy-out” purchases were $4.599 Billion
Fourth Quarter 2020:
- “Buy-out” purchases were $13.680 Billion
Total “Buy-out” contracts for 2020: 432
Total of “Buy-out” purchases: $25 Billion
Total Number of Retirees Affected: 408,277
Philips North America has transferred $1.2 Billion of pension liabilities to MetLife and Principal Financial Group. This transaction affects approximately 11,000 retirees and their beneficiaries. MetLife will administer the benefits and will be financially responsible for 75% of the liabilities. Principal has sole responsibility for approximately 2,000 deferred participants.
Senior financial reporter for the NBC News Investigative Unit, Gretchen Morgenson delved into the issue of pension de-risking in an exposé published on June 14, 2020. Morgenson interviewed Karen Friedman of the Pension Rights Center, and Thomas Gober, a certified fraud examiner who has worked as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice, and Joseph Belth, professor emeritus of insurance at Indiana University, and author of The Insurance Forum. Focusing on Athene Annuity & Life, Morgenson points out that “Athene has acquired $12 billion in corporate pension obligations recently, including those of Bristol-Myers Squibb, Dana Corp. and Lockheed Martin Corp.” Some 178,000 people now rely on Athene for their pension benefits. In April 2020, Athene was fined by the State of New York for failing to register before engaging in its pension de-risking business in New York.